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Historical Tour Cusco

Day 1: City Tour Cusco

Includes visits to

➡️ Plaza de Armas Cusco
➡️ Cathedral
➡️ Qoricancha Temple
➡️ Sacsayhuaman
➡️ Qenqo
➡️ Puca Pucara
➡️ Tambomachay

Itinerary

The tour starts at the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, where you will learn about the history of Cusco before and after the arrival of the Spanish conquerors. You will continue to the cathedral where you will be provided with information about the cathedral’s construction and history. Afterwards, you will visit the most important temple of the Inca Empire, the Qoricancha or, Temple of the Sun. The tour will continue to the archaeological centers of Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay. The circuit will end in the historic center of Cusco.

Tour Description

Plaza de Armas Cusco

In the time of the Incas, the main square had 4 names; Waqaypata (crying square), Cusipata (joy square), Wajaypata (meeting place), Auqaypata (over the defeated). At the main square, the stone of war, different sources of pure water and healing water could be found. The healing water used to be carried by a golden gutter to the Qoricancha, where the water was drunk by pregnant women. The important events of the whole empire were held at the Plaza de Armas. Back in time, the Plaza de Armas was a single square that was linked to the Regocijo square and the San Francisco square. Around it lived the royalty, the priesthood and other elite of the Inca Empire.

Cathedral

The Basilica of Cusco, located next to the church of triumph is made in the Renaissance-style and took over 100 years to finish the construction. When the Spaniards conquered Peru, they brought different styles to the country such as Mannerism, Baroque, Renaissance and Rococo. These were forced upon local painters who were not allowed to express their traditional culture in art. With this overload of ornamentation merged the Cusco School. The Cuzco school is a famous painting school characterized by its originality, result of the confluence of two powerful currents: the western artistic tradition, on the one hand, and the eagerness of Indian and mestizo painters to express their reality and their vision of the world, on the other hand. According to Catholics, the construction of the Basilica received help of the Virgin of Assumption and the Apostle Santiago. Therefore, the cathedral is invoked to these saints. The remains of one of the most important Spanish chroniclers of the Inca era, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, can be found in the catacombs in the Basilica.

Qoricancha

Qoricancha or, Temple of the Sun, is the most important religious center of the Inca period. Gratitude towards nature can be appreciated through architecture and construction of spaces in honor of its main deities. It currently houses the convent of Santo Domingo, symbol of cultural syncretism.

Sacsayhuaman

Sacsayhuaman offers a panoramic view of the city of Cusco. It is one of the most significant archaeological legacies Peru possesses, due to its construction composed of huge blocks of limestone. It took more than 50 years to build the construction of the Sacsayhuaman fortress and more than 20,000 men worked on it.

Qenqo

Its construction was dedicated to the mother earth “PACHAMAMA”. In the archaeological park of Qenqo, its semi-circular amphitheater stands out. History tells us that in order to perform the different ancestral ceremonies, the Inca mummies, that belonged to the nobility or the priesthood, were put in the center. The Qenqo has underground galleries and a monolith that pretends to be a cougar, measuring approximately six meters. It is these peculiar characteristics that make this place interesting and magical.

Puca Pucara

This fortress is composed of walls, terraces and stairs of red color due to its high iron levels. It almost seems a small square. Puca Pucara was part of the defensive complex of Cusco and resting place of the troops of the Inca Empire. It also consisted of a control zone for people who came from the Anti Suyo.

Tambomachay

Tambomachay is an archaeological site where people worshiped water. Tambomachay is also known as “Bath of the Inca”. It consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and several waterfalls. After several centuries the water continues to flow through its canals.

Day 2: Sacred Valley of the Incas

Includes visits to
➡️ Pisaq Archaeological Park
➡️ Handicraft market Pisaq
➡️ Ollantaytambo
➡️ Chincheros

Itinerary

The first place that you will visit is the archaeological park of Pisaq, here you can you can appreciate one of the most beautiful and extensive constructions of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. You will feel the energy and the ancient magic of this great culture of Peru. You will be explained how the Incas thought, felt, acted and lived in these great constructions. The tour continues to the town of Pisaq. Pisaq is an artistically town whose inhabitants create jewelry of silver, semiprecious and precious stones inspired by the iconography of the ancestral cultures of Peru. Around midday, you will leave Pisaq and visit Urubamba, where you will get an excellent buffet lunch. After lunch, we will continue to the Archaeological Park of Ollantaytambo to appreciate its beautiful architecture that the Incas built. The last stop of the tour will be at the town of Chinchero, which is known for its stunning landscapes. In the afternoon you will return to the historic center of Cusco.

Tour Description

Archaeological Complex of Pisaq

The archaeological complex of Pisaq is one of the most beautiful monumental centers of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. The faultless constructions combined with the landscape is breathtaking. It is believed to be the largest Inca cemetery and the oldest in South America.

Handicraft Market of Pisaq

The handicraft market of Pisaq is certainly a colorful and lively place, where the most famous Cusco crafts made by the Andean Communities are exhibited. The articles which mostly stand out are textiles, jewelry, ceramics, wood carvings etc. Most of the handicrafts are reproductions of Inca archeological pieces, such as queros (ceremonial vessels), necklaces, etc.

Archaeological Complex of Ollantaytambo

The archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo was built in order to monitor the entrance to this part of the Sacred Valley and protect it from possible invasions. You will have the opportunity to walk through the streets of the town and have a clear idea of how this military, religious and cultural center functioned during the era of the Inca Empire.

Chinchero

On the way back to Cusco we will visit the stunning town of Chinchero, where the remains of the royal house of Túpac Inca Yupanqui are located. You can appreciate its well-preserved Inca wall in the main square and visit the beautiful colonial temple with interesting handicrafts.

Day 3: Machu Picchu

Includes visits to

➡️ Machu Picchu
➡️ Aguas Calientes
➡️ Ollantaytambo

Itinerary

You will be picked up from your hotel at 3:30 a.m. You will have private transport to the train station in Ollantaytambo, there you will get on the train to get to Aguas Calientes. You will arrive at approximately 08.00 AM at Aguas Calientes. At Aguas Calientes you will go by bus to Machu Picchu. At Machu Picchu you will have a guided tour and enough time to take photos. After the guided tour, you will return to the town of Aguas Calientes where you will have free time to visit the town on your own. In the late afternoon you will board the train again and go back to Ollantaytambo. From Ollantaytambo there will be private transport that takes you back to Cusco. You will arrive at Cusco at around 10.30 PM.

Tour Description

The historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a large Inca citadel, built on top of a mountain in the fifteenth century. Machu Picchu is a set of temples, platforms and water channels; its construction was built with megalithic blocks of rock. It is internationally recognized as one of the seven world wonders and a cultural heritage of humanity. Machu Picchu was an important political, religious and administrative center.

Day 4: Offering to Pachamama and Inca Energy Meditation

Includes visits to

➡️ Temple of the Sun and Moon
➡️ Temple of the Monkeys

Itinerary

You will be picked up from your hotel at 10:00 AM to leave to the Temple of the Sun and Moon, here you will do an offer to the Pachamama and the Inca Energy Meditation. Once the ceremony is over, you will return to the city center Cusco for lunch. In case you leave Cusco the same day, you will be brought to the airport at 2:00 PM.

Tour description

The last day is very special, as you will dedicate the day to connecting with your inner self, your essence. In the temple of the Sun and Moon you will perform an ancestral Inca ceremony, with which you will be filled with the pure and healing energy of this magical place.

Tariffs

The Historical Tour Cusco of four days includes

➡️ Professional bilingual guide for all the tours
➡️ Transportation on day 1 and 2
➡️ Transportation on day 3
➡️ Transport Cusco – Ollantaytambo – Cusco
➡️ Train ticket Ollantaytambo – Aguas Calientes – Ollantaytambo
➡️ Bus up and down to the archaeological center of Machu Picchu
➡️ Transportation day 4
➡️ Entrance ticket to the archaeological center of Machu Picchu
➡️ Tourist bus for the Cusco City Tour on day 2
➡️ Entrance ticket to the Qoricancha on day 1
➡️ 3 hotel nights
➡️ Complete alimentation for 4 days
➡️ Souvenirs
➡️ Offering to the Pachamama (Mother Earth) and Inca Energy Meditation
➡️ Transportation pick up and return to the airport

The tour package does not include any other additional purchases or costs.

It is recommended to bring rain poncho, sunscreen, bottled water, hiking shoes and walking sticks.

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