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City Tour Cusco

Includes visits to:

>Plaza de armas Cusco
>Catedral
>Templo de Qoricancha
>Sacsayhuaman
>Qenqo
>Puca Pucara
>Tambomachay

Itinerary

The tour starts at the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, where you will learn about the history of Cusco before and after the arrival of the Spanish conquerors. You will continue to the cathedral where you will be provided with information about the cathedral’s construction and history. Afterwards, you will visit the most important temple of the Inca Empire, the Qoricancha or, Temple of the Sun. The tour will continue to the archaeological centers of Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay. The circuit will end in the historic center of Cusco.
Tour description

Plaza de Armas Cusco

In the time of the Incas, the main square had 4 names; Waqaypata (crying square), Cusipata (joy square), Wajaypata (meeting place), Auqaypata (over the defeated). At the main square, the stone of war, different sources of pure water and healing water could be found. The healing water used to be carried by a golden gutter to the Qoricancha, where the water was drunk by pregnant women. The important events of the whole empire were held at the Plaza de Armas. Back in time, the Plaza de Armas was a single square that was linked to the Regocijo square and the San Francisco square. Around it lived the royalty, the priesthood and other elite of the Inca Empire.

Cathedral

The Basilica of Cusco, located next to the church of triumph is made in the Renaissance-style and took over 100 years to finish the construction. When the Spaniards conquered Peru, they brought different styles to the country such as Mannerism, Baroque, Renaissance and Rococo. These were forced upon local painters who were not allowed to express their traditional culture in art. With this overload of ornamentation merged the Cusco School. The Cuzco school is a famous painting school characterized by its originality, result of the confluence of two powerful currents: the western artistic tradition, on the one hand, and the eagerness of Indian and mestizo painters to express their reality and their vision of the world, on the other hand. According to Catholics, the construction of the Basilica received help of the Virgin of Assumption and the Apostle Santiago. Therefore, the cathedral is invoked to these saints. The remains of one of the most important Spanish chroniclers of the Inca era, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, can be found in the catacombs in the Basilica.

Qoricancha

Qoricancha or, Temple of the Sun, is the most important religious center of the Inca period. Gratitude towards nature can be appreciated through architecture and construction of spaces in honor of its main deities. It currently houses the convent of Santo Domingo, symbol of cultural syncretism.

Sacsayhuaman

Sacsayhuaman offers a panoramic view of the city of Cusco. It is one of the most significant archaeological legacies Peru possesses, due to its construction composed of huge blocks of limestone. It took more than 50 years to build the construction of the Sacsayhuaman fortress and more than 20,000 men worked on it.

Qenqo

Its construction was dedicated to the mother earth “PACHAMAMA”. In the archaeological park of Qenqo, its semi-circular amphitheater stands out. History tells us that in order to perform the different ancestral ceremonies, the Inca mummies, that belonged to the nobility or the priesthood, were put in the center. The Qenqo has underground galleries and a monolith that pretends to be a cougar, measuring approximately six meters. It is these peculiar characteristics that make this place interesting and magical.

Puca Pucara

This fortress is composed of walls, terraces and stairs of red color due to its high iron levels. It almost seems a small square. Puca Pucara was part of the defensive complex of Cusco and resting place of the troops of the Inca Empire. It also consisted of a control zone for people who came from the Anti Suyo.

Tambomachay

Tambomachay is an archaeological site where people worshiped water. Tambomachay is also known as “Bath of the Inca”. It consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and several waterfalls. After several centuries the water continues to flow through its canals.

Tarifes

Tour includes

>Professional bilingual guide;
>Tourist transport.

Tour does not include:

> Entrance to Qoricancha (S/. 15.00)
> Entrance to the cathedral (S/. 25.00)
> Additional purchases

It is highly recommended to bring sunscreen, a rain poncho, coat, water and hiking shoes on the tour.

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